The Number of Tigers Increased in India – Almost 2967 Royal Bengal Tigers
Tiger census report on International Tiger Day, The number of tigers increased in India Find out what PM Modi said for the Ranthambore tigress Machli !
Tiger Census shows that India is home to 2,967 Royal Bengal Tigers. India's population of tigers has crossed 20 percent. This is good news for tiger lovers and tiger conservationists, who are celebrating International Tiger Day on July 29, 2019.
In the Tiger Census Report of the four-year released by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on July 29, 2019, the status of tigers in India 2018 shows that in all scenarios, the number of big cat has increased. The total number of tigers in 2014 was 2,226 which have now increased to 2,967. In the last 4 years, there has been an increase in the number of 741 tigers in India or the number of tigers has increased by 33%. Since the four-year census, using the Camera Trap and Capture-Mark-Recapture method, which began in 2006, this number and percentage is the biggest increase in terms of both.
In the latest census, along with the economic value of tigers in the country, the largest population of tigers and the least populous state of tigers is also known. These figures are definitely the cause of excitement, and this has had a major impact on the address given by the Prime Minister of India to the country. The report does not have a number of other predators like Leopards. But better tiger numbers are usually seen as good hunting bases and habitat.
State with increase and decrease in population of tigers
Why is the need for census of tigers?
The Tiger is always at the pinnacle of the food chain, and its protection is very important to ensure the well-being of the forest ecosystem. Tiger evaluation exercises include assessment of habitat and prey. The number of tigers indicates the success or failure of conservation efforts. This is a particularly important indicator in a fast growing economy like India, where growth pressure often runs counter for protection demands.
Global Tiger Forum, the international cooperation of Tiger-bearing countries, has targeted to double count wild tigers by 2022. More than 80 percent of the world's wild tigers are found in India, and keeping an eye on their numbers is important.
Where is the highest increase in tiger population in India?
The highest tiger population in India has increased in Madhya Pradesh. In 2014, the number of tigers in Madhya Pradesh was 308, which is now increased to 526. In the last four years, 218 tigers have increased, which is 71% of its Tiger population.
In Maharashtra, the number of tigers in 2014 was 190, which has now increased to 312, which has increased 64%. The population of tigers has increased from 406 to 524 in Karnataka. In which 118 or 29% tigers have increased. More than 100 tigers have increased in Uttarakhand. Here the number of tigers has increased from 340 to 442, which has increased by almost 30%.
Located in Madhya Pradesh, the Pench Tiger Reserve was home to the largest number of tigers, whereas Satyamangalam Tiger Reserve located in Tamil Nadu has shown improvement in the number of tigers since 2014, according to the census.
However, since the tigers continue to move between the states, so the conservationists like to talk about the number of tigers in terms of landscape. There are five Tiger landscape in India: Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains, Central Indian Landscape and Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, North-East Hills and Brahmaputra Plains and Sundarban forest.
State of India with an increase in population of tigers
|States with Increase||Number of Tigers|
In which state has the number of tigers decreased?
In the states which saw a decline in tiger populations in India, they are Chhattisgarh and Mizoram. Chhattisgarh, where there were 46 tigers in the 2014 census, now only 19 tigers are left, which is much less than 46 tigers in 2014.
In the report of the decline of tigers in the state, the reason for law and order has been mentioned – large parts of the state are in the grip of Maoist rebellion.
Efforts to conserve large scale tigers in "severely weak" northeastern hills and in Odisha are needed. There are no tigers in other Tiger Reserve in the country, including Buxa, Palamu and Dampa.
India's state with a decrease in population of tigers
Why is the survey of tigers so important?
Surveys of tigers are important, and the data collected by it should be taken with full severity. There are two reasons to take it seriously first of all it is official figures released by the government, so it is authentic. Second, the census is done once every four years.
Census was done in four phases- Phase 1 and 2 cover forest beats. Generally, the forest department collects signals from the presence of tigers spread across every 15 sq. km, such as scat and pugmarks. In order to estimate the abundance of prey, the enumerator runs the path called path transit. After this, the characteristics of the habitats are taken along with the sample of the plots to assess the human impact and the dung density of the prey.
In the third phase of the census, information of tigers was plotted on the forest map created with remote-sensing and GIS applications. The sample areas were divided into 2-square-kilometer parcel, and the trap cameras were kept in these grids.
In the last fourth Phase, data was extrapolated for areas where the cameras could not be installed.
Tiger census 2019 was taken after 15 months of hard working effort of work. Officials say that the census is the world's most comprehensive biodiversity mapping exercise. Forest officers surveyed a total of 3, 81,400 sq. km of forests in this census, which surveyed 5, 22,996 km of area on foot. Sample of 3, 17,958 habitats plots were taken for prey dung and vegetation. 26,838 camera traps were planted for this census, covering 1, 21,337 sq. km area.
It is a startling fact that 3, 48, 58,623 wildlife pictures were captured from these camera traps. These include pictures of 76,651 tigers and 51,777 leopards. In this entire effort, it took 5, 93,882 man days.
Economic Value of Tiger Reserve in India
There are 50 Tiger Reserves in India, whose command is in Project Tiger hands. All these Tiger Reserves are administered by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). India is considered to be home to 70% of tigers in the world.
Government of India has also done a study to understand the economic value of Tiger Reserve in the country. After analyzing 10 out of 50 Tiger Reserves of India, the Government of India has come to the conclusion that both the environment and the socio-economic benefits were about Rs. 4,200 crore to Rs. 16,000 crore annually.
The reason for the increase in the number of tigers in India
For the protection of tigers in India, there has been an increase in vigilance and conservation efforts by the Forest Department. In 2006, the number of Tiger Reserve in India was 28, which increased to 50 in 2018, which protects a large number of tigers over the years.
The healthy population of tigers has increased in the core area and eventually the tigers have migrated to areas outside the core, which is why tigers have been found in new areas in the 2018 census. In the last few years, areas covered under regional and commercial forestry arms of forest departments have also been focused on tigers. The Brahmapuri division in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra, which is the brightest place in non-protected tiger-bearing areas, has more than 40 tigers in it.
Another important reason for the increase in the number of tigers in India is increase in alertness and the fact is that all organized poaching rackets have been crushed. Increasing safety in the forests has encouraged the tiger to breed. In many parts of the country, rehabilitation of villages outside the main areas has provided more space for tigers.
A brief history of the tiger census in India
The census of tigers started in India in 2006. It was handed over to the Indian Wildlife Institute, which is a government body funded by the Ministry of Environment. According to the census of tigers held in 2006, it was found that there are only 1,411 tigers in India. Tigers were definitely the cause of threat to tiger conservationists and wildlife officers. In 2010, the number of tigers increased to 1,706, followed by 2,226 in 2014.
For this impressive increase in the number of Royal Bengal Tigers in 2014, better security measures for tigers, better utilization of advanced techniques, better support among forest officials and new estimates can be attributed. It should be noted that at present, India is home to a large number of 2,967 tigers.
On International Tiger Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi remembered the Tigress "Machali" of Ranthambore
On World Tiger Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi remembered the most famous Tigress "Machali" (T-16) of Ranthambore National Park. Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the name of the tigress "Machali" in the program organized in Delhi and said that millions of indigenous and foreign tourists were camping in Ranthambore National Park to see the tigress.
During the program organized on Tiger Day in Delhi, he said that I had read somewhere that millions of Indians and foreign tourists used to visit Ranthambore National Park just to see the famous Tigress Machali (T-16) of Ranthambore. Therefore it is very important to promote tourism and environment for the protection of tigers.
Population of tigers has increased from employment and tourism
Prime Minister Narendra Modi also said that the number of tigers has increased due to the development of employment resources and boosting tourism. Tigers are not only symbols of faith in India but also in other countries. Tiger is also a national symbol in Malaysia and Bangladesh. Tiger's initiatives affect many countries.
Who was the tigress ' Machali"?
The Tigress Machali (T-16) was born in Bakhola area of Ranthambore in 1996. Tigress Machali gave birth to 11 tigers-tigresses in her life span. Tigress Machli (T-16) was world famous by name of Ranthambhore Queen, Lady of the Lake and Crocodile Killer. On August 18, 2016, the tigress Machali (T16) breathed last and she went away forever from this world. It was a tourist attraction to see.
Achievements of Tigress Machali (T16)
Machli (T16) was the most searched tigress on the internet. The Indian Postal Department also issued a postage stamp on the tigress "Machali". According to the Travel Operators for Tiger (TOFT), after being adult female in 1998, she earned $ 100 million (i.e. 650 crores) for nearly ten years in the Indian economy. BBC also gave the Life Time Achievement Award in the name of this tiger. The Machali was considered India's most famous tigress, and on its death, she was considered the oldest tiger in the world.
Why Global Tiger Day is celebrated?
International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29th July for increasing awareness and support for many issues related to tiger conservation. The idea behind celebrating International Tiger Day and organizing it was revealed in the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010. And at this Tiger Summit, it was decided that every year on 29th July will be celebrated as International Tiger Day. During the summit, a panel of tiger experts declared a target for tiger conservation, under which the population of tigers was to be doubled by 2022.